Cancer is a disease that does not know of previous care, age or social circumstance, although some behaviors may favor its appearance this is not always the case, and even developing all the relevant care cancer is present.
Mouth cancer is a general term in medicine for any malignant growth located in the mouth. It can appear as a primary lesion of the same tissue of the oral cavity, or by metastasis from a site of distant origin, or by extension of neighboring anatomical structures, such as the nasal cavity or the maxillary sinus.
The cancer that appears in the oral cavity can have several histological varieties: tatami, adenocarcinoma derived from one of the salivary glands, lymphoma of the tonsils or some other lymphatic tissue or melanoma of pigmented cells of the oral mucosa. The most common form of cancer in the mouth is squamous cell carcinoma, originating in the tissues that delimit the mouth and lips.
Mouth cancer is usually located in the tissue of the lips or tongue, although it may appear on the floor of the mouth, the lining of the cheeks, gums, or roof of the mouth. Under a microscope, most cancers that develop in the mouth have similar characteristics and are collectively called squamous cell carcinoma. They are malignant in nature and tend to spread very quickly.
The mouth is an area very exposed to the development of this disease, mainly because risk factors such as smoking, drugs and alcoholism enter this way.
The detection of oral cancer is the only tool we will have to prevent major ills, it is for them that we will define some characteristics of care for which we must ensure to eradicate a large number of injuries of a merely occasional nature or generated by this problem.
This disease can develop under any condition since this is the bad formation of a cell sector that prevents the cell from fulfilling its life cycle and instead of phagocytosis reproduces itself generating another anomalous cell organism and so on expanding the problem what technically it is known as metastasis.
The most common cancer in HIV and drug users is the lip, which is characterized by two very clear forms, one of which is ulceration, a wound that does not heal in normal periods and whose appearance is variable, or spots also known as moles or melanoma, something common in epithelial cells, we speak of moles that change their size, without defined edges and that may or may not generate pain.
Regarding the tongue is more common in people with high tobacco consumption, in this case it appears as a visible and ulcerated lesion, painful and that is not scarred or responds to another characteristic or factor that generates it.
With regard to the cheeks and palate, drugs such as cocaine and crystal or methamphetamine is one of its main generators, they are represented as small relief anomalies that later expand their size or perforate the palate and tissue directly.
It is therefore important to reduce the risk factors and although the determination of the disease is due to an oncologist, it is our job as dentists to be the first professional responsible for communicating the state of the lesion and making the corresponding recommendations to our patients.